A sewer lateral connection is simply a connection to the municipal sewer that uses gravity to transport the waste. This is the standard delivery method of sewage in most residential and commercial buildings. We coordinate and install these according to the requirements and guidelines of your local municipality.
A grinder pump is placed in a tank (or well) that is buried in a convenient outdoor location on the homeowner's property (grinder pump units also can be purchased for inside installation). The tank provides wastewater holding storage capacity. When water is used in the house, wastewater flows into the tank. When the wastewater in the tank reaches a pre-set level, the grinder pump automatically turns on, grinds the waste, and pumps it out of the tank via the homeowner’s on-site sewer service line and into the public sewer system. A grinder pump will normally run for one or two minutes and automatically turn off when the tank is emptied. The pump is powered by electricity and is connected to a control panel near your electric meter.
Effluent from the septic tank flows by gravity or is pumped to a leach field for disposal. The wastewater effluent is absorbed by soil particles and moves both horizontally and vertically through the soil pores. The dissolved organic material in the effluent is removed by bacteria which live in the top ten feet of the soil. As the effluent moves through the soil, the temperature and chemical characteristics of the wastewater change and create an unfavorable habitat for most bacteria and viruses. Therefore, as the septic tank effluent moves through the soil, organic material and microorganisms are removed. The wastewater generally percolates downward through soil and eventually enters a groundwater aquifer. A portion of the wastewater moves upwards by capillary action and is removed at the ground surface by evaporation and transpiration of plants.
A leach field consists of a series of four-inch diameter perforated distribution pipelines placed in two to three-foot wide trenches. The perforated pipe is placed on top of gravel which is also used to backfill around the pipe. The gravel promotes drainage and reduces root growth near the pipeline. Untreated building paper or straw is placed over the gravel to prevent fine soil particles from migrating into the gravel. The building paper or straw does not reduce the evapotranspiration of the wastewater. A minimum topsoil cover is placed over the gravel to protect the leach field, prevent contact with the wastewater and reduce infiltration from rain and snow.
Incoming effluent and bacteria flow thought the perforated pipes which distribute the effluent over the modules and then the open air channels in the modules allow beneficial bacteria to grow on the Bio-Matt fabric and treat effluent. A geotextile fabric covers the top and sides of the GSF modules, protecting the systems/sand and soil from fine particles that can clog the system. It also helps maintain effluent storage inside the modules. After effluent passes though the GSF modules, a lighter, secondary biomat forms on the layer of sand below the systems, where the treatment process is continued. Finally, treated effluent is then absorbed by the native soil where final filtration takes place.
A holding tank or vault receives wastewater from a home or commercial establishment and stores it until it is pumped out and hauled to a receiving/processing facility. Although similar to septic tanks, vaults have no outlet piping and must be watertight. The volume can range from 1,000 gallons to 4,000 gallons. Holding tanks can be used for the entire wastewater flow in cases where conventional and typical alternative systems are not feasible. They are often used this way for seasonal homes in sensitive environmental settings. The vault should be equipped with an audible and visible high-water alarm, which alerts the resident to the need for pumping.
Different sizes of vaults and tank trucks can be used; water conservation can reduce costs considerably by reducing the frequency of pumping. A vault can be equipped with a standpipe and a quick disconnect to which the pumping truck can be directly connected for efficient (minimal spillage) emptying of the vault.